Tutorial: How to use MySQL

In this tutorial you’ll learn how to install and use MySQL with your project πŸš€

You can find the result of this tutorial on Github here

This tutorial is a natural follow-up of How to write Controllers. You can either go for that tutorial first and come back later or be a rebel, skip it and read on 😊

1. Install Homebrew
2. Install MySQL
3. Create and generate a new project
4. Configure your project to use MySQL
5. Where to go from here

If you don’t have it yet I highly recommend to get it. It makes it super easy for you to install dependencies like MySQL. To install Homebrew execute the following in your terminal:

/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

We will also install brew services. It will make it incredibly easy to start the MySQL server and let it start alongside with your mac! That’s awesome ✨!

brew tap homebrew/services

Now whenever you want to know what services are running just execute:

brew services list

Installing MySQL with Homebrew is so easy, what am I even here for πŸ˜„?

brew install mysql@5.7

We’re installing version 5.7 because only saying brew install mysql installs most likely version 10 which won’t β€œjust work” out of the box right now.

That’s it. Now to start mysql just execute the following command:

brew services start mysql

See how easy brew services makes it? mysql now starts alongside your mac!

We will now set a password for the root user by simply executing:


It’s a weird command but go for it and answer as the following:

  • When asked for a password I used: root (use whatever feels save 😊)
  • Remove anonymous user: yes
  • Disallow root login from remote: yes
  • Remove the test database: yes
  • Reload privilege tables now: yes

That’s it for the installation!

Now let’s create a database that we want to be used by our project. To create a new database we will need to login into our mysql server with:

mysql -uroot -proot

NOTE: -u stands for user and -p for password. I know, captain obvious πŸ‘¨πŸΌβ€πŸš€

Now that we are within our mysql server create a database with:

CREATE DATABASE `mycooldb` CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci;

You could have created a database also by just typing:


But we use the command with utf8 in it. It’s considered best practice πŸ€“

Terminal Cheatsheet:

connect to mysql server:  mysql -uroot -proot
within server list databases: SHOW DATABASES;
within server to exit server: exit

Finally you’d have to install cmysql which is needed for the MySQLProvider:

brew install vapor/tap/cmysql

Alrighty! You are ready for step 3. Create and generate a new project 😊

We will use the outcome of the tutorial mentioned in the beginning as a template to create our new project:

vapor new projectName --template=vaporberlin/my-first-controller

Before we generate an Xcode project we will have to replace FluentSQLite by FluentMySQL and adjust the target as well as we will change the package name within Package.swift:

// swift-tools-version:4.0
import PackageDescription
let package = Package(
name: "projectName", // changed
dependencies: [
// πŸ’§ A server-side Swift web framework.
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/vapor.git", from: "3.0.0"),
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/leaf.git", from: "3.0.0-rc"),
.package(url: "https://github.com/vapor/fluent-mysql.git", from: "3.0.0-rc") // changed
targets: [
.target(name: "App", dependencies: ["Vapor", "Leaf", "FluentMySQL"]),
.target(name: "Run", dependencies: ["App"]),
.testTarget(name: "AppTests", dependencies: ["App"]),

Now in the terminal at the root directory projectName/ execute:

vapor update -y

It may take a bit fetching the dependency, but when done you should have a project structure like this:

β”œβ”€β”€ Package.swift
β”œβ”€β”€ Sources/
β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ App/
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ Controllers/
β”‚ β”‚ β”‚ └── UserController.swift
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ Models/
β”‚ β”‚ β”‚ └── User.swift
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ app.swift
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ boot.swift
β”‚ β”‚ β”œβ”€β”€ configure.swift
β”‚ β”‚ └── routes.swift
β”‚ └── Run/
β”‚ └── main.swift
β”œβ”€β”€ Tests/
β”œβ”€β”€ Resources/
β”œβ”€β”€ Public/
β”œβ”€β”€ Dependencies/
└── Products/

Before we can run our project we will have to configure MySQL β€” let’s go πŸš€

Our first step is to change everything FluentSQLite related to FluentMySQL and register the database information within our configure.swift:

import Vapor
import Leaf
import FluentMySQL // added
public func configure(
_ config: inout Config,
_ env: inout Environment,
_ services: inout Services
) throws {
// Register routes to the router
let router = EngineRouter.default()
try routes(router)
services.register(router, as: Router.self)
let leafProvider = LeafProvider()
try services.register(leafProvider)
config.prefer(LeafRenderer.self, for: ViewRenderer.self)
try services.register(FluentMySQLProvider()) // changed let mysqlConfig = MySQLDatabaseConfig(
hostname: "",
port: 3306,
username: "root",
password: "root",
database: "mycooldb"
var migrations = MigrationConfig()
migrations.add(model: User.self, database: .mysql) // changed

The second step before we can run our project is to adjust our User model in User.swift:

import FluentMySQL  // changed
import Vapor
final class User: MySQLModel {
var id: Int?
var username: String
init(id: Int? = nil, username: String) {
self.id = id
self.username = username
extension User: Content {}extension User: Migration {}

If you now cmd+r or run we should be able to access the /users route 😊!

Note: make sure to select Run as a scheme next to your button before running the app

And that’s it! You successfully configured your project to use mysql πŸŽ‰ πŸš€ πŸŽ‰

You can find a list of all tutorials with example projects on Github here:
πŸ‘‰πŸ» https://github.com/vaporberlin/vaporschool

I'm an always optimistic, open minded and knowledge seeking fullstack developer passionate about UI/UX and changing things for the better :)

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